Due to my growth & multiple changes in my worldview over the years, this post is considered “archived” and is offered here for historical purposes only. Opinions offered above may not necessarily reflect my current beliefs, though you're still more than welcome to participate in the comments, discussing anything from the post. Thank you for understanding.
In that post, I examined the verses from Job which are said to be the very words of God Himself, and so I trust that He knew what He was talking about when He called a creature called a leviathan the “king over all the children of pride.” That combined with other clues in Job leads me to believe that the leviathan is a form of Satan, an intermediary form between the serpent of Genesis and the great red dragon of Revelation. (Aside: In relation to yesterday’s Satan’s Progression post, I find it notable that in Psalm 74:14 the leviathan is said to have many heads which God will crush. In Revelation 12:3, the great red dragon, which we know with certainty to be Satan, is said to have seven heads. I find that reaffirming to my brainstormed ideas posted yesterday.)
So anyway, if someone were to ask me, “Who is the leviathan?” I would have to say that the leviathan is Satan. But, that isn’t what the question asks, is it? :) What does leviathan mean? I don’t know if using Hebrew text will work or not, but the word translated as the King James Version’s five occurences of “leviathan” is the word ×œ×•×™×ª×Ÿ or livyaÌ‚thaÌ‚n. It is a derivitive word which comes from a root meaning “to twine,” and gives the idea, when used as “leviathan” of a twisted creature, one which can intertwine upon itself.
Such a description, for illustration, could be made of worms, snakes, some lizards, eels, and so on. We see Satan beginning as a serpent and later as a much larger “sea monster” creature called leviathan, and later as the dragon. The image of a long, slender, multi-headed (taking into account the “heads” passages mentioned above in the aside) creature which is capable of twisting. The popular dragon designs of the Far East would be a suitable comparison so far as body shape is concerned; the tubby dragons which show up in tales of knights rescuing princesses would not seem to fit the bill. But if you happen to slay one, the kingdom thanks you, but the princess is still missing. Thanks.
So, what does “leviathan” mean? As Strong’s says, it means “wreathed animal, that is, a serpent.”
What is a leviathan? Comparing multiple passages from the Bible, it is a large multi-headed, fire-breathing, crooked serpent.
Who is the leviathan? If there is but one, the leviathan is surely Satan, that old serpent. If there are many, then Satan is the archetype (epitome?) of what a leviathan is as described by Job.